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Mrs.  Freda  Hale
7th Grade Language Arts/US History II/Science
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Assignments - Social Studies(Archived)
History Feb 26
Due Date: 3/5/2018
Subject: Social Studies

We are covering Chapter 11 in our History Book:  The Cold War.     


8a Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II. Soviet forces occupied most of Eastern and Central Europe and the eastern portion of Germany. The United States felt it was in its best interest to help rebuild Europe and prevent political and economic instability. Rebuilding efforts • The United States instituted George C. Marshall’s plan to rebuild Europe (the Marshall Plan), which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism. • Germany was partitioned into East and West Germany. West Germany became democratic and resumed selfgovernment after a few years of American, British, and French occupation. East Germany remained under the domination of the Soviet Union and did not adopt democratic institutions. • Following its defeat, Japan was occupied by American forces. It soon adopted a democratic form of government, resumed self-government, and became a strong ally of the United States. Establishment of the United Nations The United Nations was formed near the end of World War II to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars. USII.8b Reasons for rapid growth of the American economy following World War II • With rationing of consumer goods over, businesses converted from production of war materials to consumer goods. • Americans purchased goods on credit. • The work force shifted back to men, and most women returned full time to family responsibilities. • Labor unions merged and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher salaries. • As economic prosperity continued and technology boomed, the next generation of women entered the labor force in large numbers. USII.8c Terms to Know • Cold War: The state of tension without actual fighting between the United States and the Soviet Union, which divided the world into two camps Origins of the Cold War • Differences in goals and ideologies between the United States and the Soviet Union (the two superpowers). The United States was democratic and capitalist; the Soviet Union was dictatorial and communist. • The Soviet Union’s domination over Eastern European countries • American policy of containment (to stop the spread of communism) • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) versus Warsaw Pact Major conflicts in the post-World War II era • South Korea and the United States resisted Chinese and North Korean aggression. The conflict ended in a stalemate. • The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred when the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade of Cuba. • The United States intervened to stop the spread of communism into South Vietnam (Domino Theory). Americans were divided over whether the United States should be involved militarily in Vietnam. The conflict ended in a cease-fire agreement in which U.S. troops withdrew. Collapse of communism in Europe • Breakup of the Soviet Union into independent countries • Destruction of the Berlin Wall USII.8d Factors leading to changing patterns in United States society • Strong economy (healthy job market, increased productivity, increased demand for American products) • Greater investment in education • The “Baby Boom,” which led to changing demographics • Interstate highway system • Evolving role of women (expected to play a supporting role in the family while increasingly working outside the home) • Role of Eleanor Roosevelt in expanding human rights Policies and programs expanding educational and employment opporunities • G.I. Bill of Rights gave educational, housing, and employment benefits to veterans.

Dec. 1 - 22 History
Due Date: 12/22/2017
Subject: Social Studies

We are reviewing in all classes for our Benchmark Tests.  For USII History class we covered the following information:



a)            Factors that influenced movement west

•             Physical features and climate of Great Plains •  Inventions and Adaptations used on Plains

b)            Industrial development after 1865

•             Transportation of resources •   Manufacturing areas

c) Regions of U.S.

•             50 states grouped by regions • 19 Cities grouped by regions


Reconstruction: 1865 to 1877

a)            13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

b)            Impact of Reconstruction policies on the South and North.

•             Civil Rights Act of 1866 •               Freedman’s Bureau •   Carpetbaggers •              Sharecropping

•             Black Codes •   End of Reconstruction

c)            Legacies of key people

•             Abraham Lincoln •          Robert E. Lee • Frederick Douglass


Life After Civil War

a)            Westward Expansion

•             Reasons for Westward Expansion •        Impact on Indians

o             Sitting Bull o Chief Joseph o      Geronimo o Wounded Knee o Broken treaties o Assimilation

b)            Immigration and city growth

•             Reasons for immigration •          Reasons for city growth •            Efforts to solve problems

o             Hull House/Jane Addams o         Political Machines

•             Discrimination against Immigrants •       City challenges

o             Tenements and ghettos o           Political corruption

c)            Jim Crow Era

•             Racial Segregation •       Jim Crow laws •               Booker T. Washington •               W.E.B. DuBois


d)            Rise of Big Business

•             Industrial Growth Inventions • Reasons for rise in big business

o             John. D. Rockefeller-oil o Andrew Carnegie-steel o Cornelius Vanderbilt-railroads and shipping

•             Factors in growth of industry • Postwar changes in farm and city life

e)            Key Movements

•             Progressive

o             Negative effects of industrialization

o             workplace reforms

•             Rise of Organized Labor •            Temperance

o             18th

•             Suffrage

o             19th

o             Susan B. Anthony o        Elizabeth Cady Stanton


Changing role of the United States from the late nineteenth century through World War I

a)            Spanish American War

•             Reasons for war •           Results of war

b)            Theodore Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy

•             Roosevelt Corollary •    Big Stick Diplomacy

c)            WWI

•             Reasons for U.S. Involvement •               Allied/Central Powers •               Woodrow Wilson •League of Nations


Social, Economic, and Technological changes of the early twentieth century

a)            Changes in American Life and standard of living

•             Improved transportation/affordable automobiles •       Airplane •          Assembly line

•             Communications •         Electrification

b)            Social and economic changes

•             Results of Prohibition

o             Speakeasies o  Bootleggers o   21st Amendment

Week of Nov 6
Due Date: 11/13/2017
Subject: Social Studies

Remember that there will be no school on Tuesday, November 7, due to Election Day!!


Chapter 7


Answers can be found in the SOLs below.
• How was social and economic life in the early twentieth century different from that in the late nineteenth century?
• What factors increased factory and labor productivity?
Results of improved transportation brought about by affordable automobiles
• Greater mobility
• Creation of jobs
• Growth of transportation-related industries (road construction, oil, steel, automobile)
• Movement to suburban areas 
Invention of the airplane
• The Wright brothers
Use of the assembly line
• Henry Ford, automobile
• Rise of mechanization
Communication changes
• Increased availability of telephones
• Development of the radio and broadcast industry
• Development of the movies
Ways electrification changed American life
• labor-saving products (e.g., washing machines, electric stoves, water pumps)
• Electric lighting
• Entertainment (e.g., radio)
• Improved communications
This chapter examines changes in American life during the early twentieth century. It focuses on factory and labor productivity, transportation changes brought about by the car and airplane, communication improvements, and the impact of electricity brought into homes.
• The following air and space museums, in various locations, all offer a look at early aviation: National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C., the Virginia Air and Space Center in Hampton, and the Virginia Aviation Museum in Richmond.
• Virginia Museum of Transportation in Roanoke offers exhibits about both automobiles and aviation.
• Wright Brother’s National Memorial in Manteo, NC is a wonderful trip for the whole family if you are nearby.
Tie what your child is learning in school to your home by engaging in conversation.
• Discuss how the revolution of the assembly line is still used in the automobile industry; however, today many of the people have been replaced with computerized machines.
• If your family has a car, brainstorm how your family’s life would be different without a car. How would it be different without electricity?
• Compare the significance of the radio and movies on communication in the early 1900s to that of mobile phones and the Internet on communication in the early 2000s.
• Students learn that electrification changed life through labor-saving products, which allowed Americans more leisure time. Discuss if the labor- saving products in your family offer more leisure time, or if that time is replaced by something else. If so, what?
• Discuss the growth of Hollywood and the movie industry. Reflect on how much movies and movie stars are part of our lives today.
Essential Knowledge for this Chapter

Week of Nov 13-Nov 20 History
Due Date: 11/13/2017
Subject: Social Studies

We are completing Chapter 7 this week.  Students will test on Chapter 7 on Thursday, Nov. 16.  We will complete a review of Chapters 1-7 beginning on Thursday. 

There will be no school Wednesday, Thursday or Friday due to Thanksgiving Break.  November 22-24

Have a wonderful Thanksgiving!!!

Week of Nov 13-Nov 20 History
Due Date: 11/13/2017
Subject: Social Studies

We are completing Chapter 7 this week.  Students will test on Chapter 7 on Thursday, Nov. 16.  We will complete a review of Chapters 1-7 beginning on Thursday. 

There will be no school Wednesday, Thursday or Friday due to Thanksgiving Break.  November 22-24

Have a wonderful Thanksgiving!!!

Week of Oct. 23- Nov 3
Due Date: 10/29/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will be covering Chapter 6:  "From Farm to Factory"

Questions to Answer:  *  What created the rise in big business?  * What factors caused the growth of industry?  * How did industrialization and the rise of bug business influence life on American farms?  *  How did the reforms of the Progressive Movement change the US?  * How did workers respond to the negative effects of industralization?



Reasons for the rise and prosperity of big business

* National markets created by transportation advances  *Captains of industry (John D. Rockefeller, Oil; Andrew Carnegie, steel; Cornelius Vanderbilt, shipping and railroads)  *Advertising *Lower cost production

Factors that resulted in growth of industry

*Access to raw materials and energy  *Availability of work force due to immigration  *Inventions  *Financial Resources

Examples of big business

*Railroads  * Oil  *Steel

Postwar changes in farm and city life

*Mechanization (ex: the reaper) reduced farm labor needs and increased production  *Industrial development in cities created increased labor needs  *Industrialization provided new access to consumer goods (ex. Mail order)


Negative effects of industrialization

*child labor  *low wages, long hours  *unsafe working conditions

Rise of organized labor

*Formation of unions: growth of American Federation of Labor  *Strikes: Aftermath of Homestead Strike

Progressive Movement workplace reforms

*Improve safety conditions  *Reduced work hours  *  Placed restrictions on child labor

Women's suffrage

*Increased educational opportunities  *Attained Voting Rights - Women gained the right to vote with the passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America  -Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton worked for women's suffrage.

Temperance Movement

*Composed of groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol  *  Supported the 18th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, prohibiting the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages.


This is a long chapter!  Be prepared for test by Nov. 3!


Week of Oct. 16
Due Date: 10/22/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will be covering Chapter 5:  Meet Jim Crow

Questions to Answer: 

*What is racial segregation?

*How were African Americans discriminated against?

* How did African Americans respond to discrimination and "Jim Crow"?

SOLs:  USII 4c

Racial Segregation

*Based on race

*Directed primarily against African Americans, but other groups were also kept segregated

*American Indians were not considered citizens until 1924.

Jim Crow Laws

*Passed to discriminate against African Americans

*Made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states

*Were characterized by unequal opportunities in housing, work, education and government

African American Responses

*Booker T. Washington: Believed that equality could be achieved through vocational education; accepted social segregation

*W.E.B. Du Bois:  Believed in full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans

***Expect test on Chapter by Friday!

Week of Oct 2
Due Date: 10/9/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week we are working on Chapter 4:  The Newcomers.  We will test on the chapter by Friday!  The book can be found at   User name:  buchanan   password:  24614

Week of 9/11
Due Date: 9/17/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will complete our initial map study of the United States and its regions.  We will begin Chapter 2 "Reconstruction."

Study notes can be found under File Manager.

Due Date: 9/5/2017
Subject: Social Studies

While you are enjoying your wonderful three day weekend, take a moment to check your grades online!  Midterms will be coming out soon and you need to make sure you are not missing any assignments.  I will have all grades updated by tomorrow morning!  Sept. 2.  Have a wonderful weekend!!  READ SOMETHING GOOD!

Week of Aug 21-25
Due Date: 8/27/2017
Subject: Social Studies


Monday:   Finish Pretest.  Label blank US Map with states and color to differentiate between 7 Regions of US

Tuesday:  Discuss grouping of regions and differences. Discuss Northeast Region

label blank map of this region..   List states and major cities.  Quiz Thursday

 Wednesday:  Continue any work not finished from Monday and Tuesday

Thursday:  Quiz on NE Region

Discuss Southeast Regions. 

label blank map of this region..   List states and major cities.  Quiz Tuesday

Friday  Discuss Midwest Region

Label blank  map of this region..   List states and major cities.  Quiz Monday



Due Date: 4/10/2017
Subject: Social Studies

Parents and Students,

We are gearing up for SOL Testing.  Most of our class time from here on out will be dedicated to SOL Review.  We will also be spending some time finishing our Interactive Notebooks.    We will also be taking Released SOL tests in the classroom for grades and for practice.  Please be sure to take your time and try your best!  I hope everyone has a wonderful Spring Break and comes back ready to "DO YOUR BEST"

Week of March 6
Due Date: 3/13/2017
Subject: Social Studies

Monday:  Ch. 5 Quiz IN p. 30,  Ch. 5 Test A

Tuesday:  Ch. 6 Notes IN p. 30, Big Business, Captains of Industry  IN p. 31

Wednesday:  Organized Labor, Workplace Reforms:  IN p. 32

Thursday: Progressive Movement, Prohibition:  IN p. 33

Friday:  Quiz Ch. 6 IN p. 34  Ch. 6 Test A 

Week of Feb. 27
Due Date: 3/6/2017
Subject: Social Studies

Monday:  Review/ Catch up on INs

Tuesday:  Review/  Ch. 4 Test A

Wednesday:  Jane Addams, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison  IN p. 24

Thursday:  Four Big Industries  IN p. 25,  Ch. 4 Quiz  IN p. 26,  Ch. 5 Notes  IN p. 27

Friday:  Booker T. Washington & WEB DuBois Venn Diagram  IN p. 28,  Jim Crow IN p. 29

Monday:  Ch. 5 Quiz  IN p. 30

Week of Jan 30
Due Date: 2/3/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week our history class will finish our Interactive Notebook Review of Chapter 1.  We will take a test on Chapter 1 and will begin Chapter 2 in our Interactive Notebooks. 

Week of Jan 23
Due Date: 1/29/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week we are going to begin our book review.  We will pull important information from each chapter of our textbook to create an Interactive Notebook.  Students will be expected to keep up with assignments in this book.  This notebook will be graded.  This will provide excellent review for the material we have covered this year.  This week we will cover Chapter 1.

Week of Jan. 16
Due Date: 1/20/2017
Subject: Social Studies

This week our class will be continuing our discussion and study of Chapter 10 in our textbook.  This chapter discusses WWII.  This is a very interesting but long chapter.  We will finish our discussion of the Chapter on Monday.  Students will then use notes to fill in study guide on Tuesday.  On Wednesday we will review answers on Study Guide and will have our test on Thursday.  On Friday we will have a Review Test on Chapters 1-10.  Students will be allowed to use notes on this test if they bring them to class.  

Week of Dec. 12
Due Date: 12/16/2016
Subject: Social Studies

Because we missed school on Friday, we will take our States and Capitals Quiz 3 and our chapter 9 test tomorrow, Tuesday, Dec. 13.


Monday:  Review chapter 9.  Begin Chapters 11 & 12


Tuesday:  Test on Chapter 9 and States and Capitals Quiz 3

Continue chapters 11 & 12


Wednesday:  Benchmark 2

Continue Chapters 11&12


Thursday:  Finish Chapters 11 & 12  complete study guide


Friday:  Test on Chapters 11&12



Week of Nov 28
Due Date: 12/2/2016
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will begin Chapter 8. 

Monday:  We will cover "The Spanish-American War," and "Teddy Roosevelt"

Tuesday:  "Big Stick Diplomacy," "The Panama Canal," "The World Goes to War"

Wednesday:  "The World Goes to War," "America in WWI"

Thursday:  "The End of the War,"  Chapter 8 Study Guide

Friday:  Test on Chapter 8,  Cumulative Review Ch 1-8

Due Date: 11/20/2016
Subject: Social Studies Social Studies  Student books  USII  User Name:  Buchanan  Password:  24614

Monday:  11/14:  Begin Chapter 7:  America on The Move - - - Henry Ford & The Wright Brothers

Tuesday:  11/15:  Flick of a Switch & Home Sweet 1914 Home

Wednesday:  11/16:  Review and Study Guide Chapter 7

Thursday:  11/17:  US Map Review and Quiz

Friday:  11/18:  TEST CHAPTER 7 &  CHAPTER 1-7 REVIEW

11/7 - 11/11
Due Date: 11/13/2016
Subject: Social Studies Social Studies  Student books  USII  User Name:  Buchanan  Password:  24614

Monday:  11/7:  Review Ch. 6 & Complete Study Guide


Wednesday:  11/9:  TEST CHAPTER 6

Thursday:  11/10:  Chapter 1-6 Review

Friday:  11/11:  US Map Review and Quiz

Due Date: 11/6/2016
Subject: Social Studies  Social Studies  Student Books  USII  User Name:  Buchanan    Password:  24614                                                                                                                                                                                                               Tues: 11/1:  Students will participate in Kids Vote.  Discuss voting and elections

Wed:  11/2:  Intro Ch. 6  Discuss Big Business & Captains of Industry from book

Thurs:  11/3:  Child Labor & We Will Not Work from book

Friday:  11/4:  Change & Whiskey, Women and the Vote



Week of 10/24
Due Date: 10/30/2016
Subject: Social Studies

Monday:  continue chapter 5

Tuesday:  complete reading and discussion of chapter 5

Wednesday:  Study Guide for Chapter 5

Thursday:  Benchmark Testing

Friday:  Test on Chapter 5 and 1-5 Review

Week of 10 17
Due Date: 10/23/2016
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will finish Chapter 4.  Test on Chapter 4 on Tuesday.   Review Chapters 1-4 on Wednesday.  Begin Chapter 5 on Thursday.  Continue Chapter 5 on Friday.  Remember you can find an electronic version of your book at  you will choose student social studies books, USII and the user name is Buchanan, the password is 24614.

Week of 10 10
Due Date: 10/16/2016
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will be discussing Chapter 4 in our history book.  We will test on Chapter 4 and on the entire US Map on Friday.

Link to History book:        Select Student books for USII    User Name is Buchanan  PW is 24614

Week of 9 26
Due Date: 10/10/2016
Subject: Social Studies

Monday:  Begin discussion of Chapter 2, "The Push West"  We will discuss the reasons people began to move westward and the advancements that allowed them to live in the West.  Discuss 3 Pacific States.

Tuesday:  Quiz on 3 Pacific States.  Continue discussion of Chapter 2.  Discuss 2 Noncontiguous States.

Wednesday:  Quiz on Noncontiguous States.  Continue discussion of Chapter 2

Thursday:  Study guide for Chapter 2.  Review Western States

Friday:  Test on Western States - Southwest, Midwest, Rocky Mountain, Pacific, and Noncontiguous.

Monday, Oct 3:  Review Study Guide on Chapter 2  Test Tuesday October 4.

Week of Oct 3
Due Date: 10/10/2016
Subject: Social Studies

Monday:  Finish Reading Chapter 3

Tuesday:  Study Guide for Chapter 3

Wednesday:  Test on Chapter 3

Thursday:  Study Guide for Chs. 1-3

Friday:  Test on Chs. 1-3

Week of Sept 19
Due Date: 9/24/2016
Subject: Social Studies

This week we will be studying the Southwest Region.  Students should be able to find the 4 states of this region on a map and label them.  They should also be able to answer other questions about these states such as capitals, major cities, products, etc.  Students should also be able to define Plateau, mesa, butte, canyon, and desert.  Students will quiz on the Southwest Region on Tuesday.

We will also complete our discussion of the Reconstruction Period this week and will test on Wednesday.  Students should bring a study guide home on Tuesday.

Students will have a quiz on Friday on the Pacific Region.