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Due Date: 11/23/2017
Subject: Science

We are working on the SOLs listed below.

 

4.4 The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and life processes.  Key concepts include

a) the structures of typical plants and the function of each structure;

b) processes and structures involved with plant reproduction;

c) photosynthesis; and

d) adaptations allow plants to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment.

 

4.5                  The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals, including humans, in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving components in the ecosystem. Key concepts include

a)    plant and animal adaptations;

b)    organization of populations, communities, and ecosystems and how they interrelate;

c)     flow of energy through food webs;

d)    habitats and niches;

e)     changes in an organism’s niche at various stages in its life cycle; and

f)     influences of human activity on ecosystems.

 

TESTS

 

Study Guide-----Test Thursday, Nov. 2nd

Science Vocabulary Test

Unit 3 Lesson 4



  1. Complete metamorphosis- a complex change that most insects undergo that includes larva and pupa stages.

  2. Incomplete metamorphosis- developmental change in some insects in which a nymph hatches from an egg and gradually develops into an adult.

  3. Nymph- an immature form of an insect that undergoes incomplete metamorphosis.

  4. Environment- all the living and nonliving things that surround and affect an organism.

  5. Adaptation- a trait or characteristic that helps an organism survive.

  6. Physical adaptation- an adaptation to a body part.

  7. Behavioral adaptation- something an animal does that helps it survive.

  8. Instinct- a behavior an animal knows how to do without having to learn it.

 

SCIENCE - UNIT 3 - STUDY GUIDE

Test- Thursday, Nov. 9th 

 

VOCABULARY

  • Adaptation- a characteristic that helps an organism survive.

  • Chlorophyll- The substance in leaves that makes them appear green in color.

  • Environment- All of the living and nonliving things in an area.

  • Fertilization- The process by which a sperm cell joins with an egg cell.

  • Incomplete metamorphosis- 3 stages in the development of some insects in which a nymph hatches from an egg and gradually develops into an adult.

  • Photosynthesis- the process by which plants use energy from the sun to change carbon dioxide and water into sugar and oxygen.

  • Spore- a cell from a fern plant that can produce a new plant.

  • Pollination- the movement of pollen from the male part of a plant to the female part.

  • Root- structure that absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

  • Stem- structures that have tubes to carry water, sugar, and minerals to different parts of the plant.  It supports the plant.

  • Leaves- a plant part that uses sunlight to produce sugar for the plant's food.

 

Concepts

  • Vascular plants have a system of tubes that carry water and nutrients through the plant. Examples are: Rose bush, daisy, sunflower.

  • Nonvascular plants grow close to the ground and soak us water and minerals like a sponge.  Examples are: Moss and liverwort

  • Taproots are thick, strong roots that grow deep in the soil.  Examples are: beets and carrots.

  • Incomplete metamorphosis consist of three stages; egg, nymph, and adult.

  • Butterflies and bees are pollinators, they help carry out the pollination process.

  • Birds with short, thick beaks are best suited to eat small seeds whereas birds with long, thin beaks are best suited for reaching nectar inside a flower.

  • Sharks have a physical adaptation in which they can smell very small amounts of substance in ocean water which helps them find food that is far away.

  • Monarch butterflies migrate to warm places every winter, this is an example of an instinct.

  • Some animals hatch from eggs, while others are born live from their mother.  Turtles, chickens, reptiles, and birds all hatch from eggs.

  • A deer has strong legs as an adaptation for escaping predators.

  • Ducks have webbed feet as an adaptation for living in water.

  • A cactus has long, deep roots as an adaptation for keeping water.



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